GM-UAW deal is in jeopardy as vote comes down to the wire
Members of the United Auto Workers (UAW) strike at a General Motors assembly plant that makes the US automaker’s full-size sport utility vehicles, in another expansion of the strike in Arlington, Texas, October 24, 2023.
James Breeden | Reuters
DETROIT – A vote on the tentative agreement between the United Auto Workers and General Motors is heading toward its conclusion after nearly six weeks of labor strikes.
Majorities of UAW members at several major GM plants have voted against the agreement, in most cases being between 55% and 60% against. Results for all major automakers were reported by local union branches as of Wednesday morning, though many did not immediately reveal vote totals.
The results of voting at a number of smaller GM facilities are not known or have not yet been finalized. Several small utilities as well as an SUV plant in Arlington, Texas, and assembly plants in Michigan and Kansas voted in favor of the deal.
The UAW declined to comment. GM did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Rejecting the deal, which was reached on October 30, would prolong the historically contentious round of negotiations between the UAW and the Detroit automakers. Similar tentative agreements at Ford Motor Co. and Stellantis have so far received higher voter approvals among those automakers’ unionized workforces.
As of Wednesday morning, the UAW had not updated GM’s vote tracker to reflect the many plants that voted against the deal. As of midday Tuesday — before a majority of workers at GM’s Corvette plant in Kentucky, the Buick and Chevrolet crossover plant in Michigan, and truck plants in Missouri and Indiana voted against the agreement — the agreement had 52% approval.
It has become common in recent years for UAW members to reject tentative agreements: Workers at Fiat Chrysler, now known as Stellantis, voted against a deal during talks in 2015, and Mack Trucks rejected a contract offer last month.
If the GM deal is voted down, UAW President Sean Fine and other union leaders will have to decide how to move forward and secure a better deal for GM union workers. They could restart strikes against the automaker, try to reopen negotiations, or both.
All options are basically back on the table for the union and the automaker. The company could agree to reopen talks or it could follow what Mack Trucks did recently and submit the previous offer with little or no changes – known as the “last best and final offer” – potentially bringing it back to members for a vote.
The UAW reaches tentative deals with each of the automakers individually, so each is voted on separately. They do not depend on each other to be ratified.
The standard deal at GM, like those at Ford and Stellantis, included 25% pay increases, the restoration of cost-of-living adjustments and other benefits.
But UAW members, especially veteran workers, expressed their disapproval of the deal, citing the inflated expectations created by Fine, who advocated and ultimately failed to secure a 32-hour workweek and better retirement benefits.
GM has the largest number of traditional workers on a percentage basis, followed by Ford and Stellantis. Stellantis also relies more heavily on temporary workers, who will largely be converted into full-time employees and become eligible for higher wages by the end of the deals.
A rejection at GM would be a black eye on negotiations for Fain. Although he said union members have the final say on contracts, he and other union leaders praised the historic deal, saying they negotiated every penny from automakers.
Fine promoted union contracts during events last week with President Joe Biden and during a US Senate committee hearing, as voting continues.
Correction: This story has been updated to correct that members of the United Auto Workers at GM’s SUV plant in Arlington, Texas, voted in favor of the tentative contract agreement.
(Tags for translation)Stellantis NV